Decrease in phase slip rates and phase cone structures during seizure evolution and epileptogenic activities derived from microgrid ECoG data.

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Curr Res Neurobiol


washington; spokane


Sudden phase changes are related to cortical phase transitions, which likely change in frequency and spatial distribution as epileptogenic activity evolves. A 100 s long section of micro-ECoG data obtained before and during a seizure was selected and analyzed. In addition, nine other short-duration epileptic events were also examined. The data was collected at 420 Hz, imported into MATLAB, downsampled to 200 Hz, and filtered in the 1-50 Hz band. The Hilbert transform was applied to compute the analytic phase, which was then unwrapped, and detrended to look for sudden phase changes. The phase slip rate (counts/s) and its acceleration (counts/s2) were computed with a stepping window of 1-s duration and with a step size of 5 ms. The analysis was performed for theta (3-7 Hz), alpha (7-12 Hz), and beta (12-30 Hz) bands. The phase slip rate on all electrodes in the theta band decreased while it increased for the alpha and beta bands during the seizure period. Similar patterns were observed for isolated epileptogenic events. Spatiotemporal contour plots of the phase slip rates were also constructed using a montage layout of 8 × 8 electrode positions. These plots exhibited dynamic and oscillatory formation of phase cone-like structures which were higher in the theta band and lower in the alpha and beta bands during the seizure period and epileptogenic events. These results indicate that the formation of phase cones might be an excellent biomarker to study the evolution of a seizure and also the cortical dynamics of isolated epileptogenic events.

Clinical Institute

Neurosciences (Brain & Spine)