Development and validation of metrics for a new RAPN training model.

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

J Robot Surg


washington; swedish


Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) is a complex and index procedure that urologists need to learn how to perform safely. No validated performance metrics specifically developed for a RAPN training model (TM) exist. A Core Metrics Group specifically adapted human RAPN metrics to be used in a newly developed RAPN TM, explicitly defining phases, steps, errors, and critical errors. A modified Delphi meeting concurred on the face and content validation of the new metrics. One hundred percent consensus was achieved by the Delphi panel on 8 Phases, 32 Steps, 136 Errors and 64 Critical Errors. Two trained assessors evaluated recorded video performances of novice and expert RAPN surgeons executing an emulated RAPN in the newly developed TM. There were no differences in procedure Steps completed by the two groups. Experienced RAPN surgeons made 34% fewer Total Errors than the Novice group. Performance score for both groups was divided at the median score using Total Error scores, into HiError and LoError subgroups. The LowErrs Expert RAPN surgeons group made 118% fewer Total Errors than the Novice HiErrs group. Furthermore, the LowErrs Expert RAPN surgeons made 77% fewer Total Errors than the HiErrs Expert RAPN surgeons. These results established construct and discriminative validity of the metrics. The authors described a novel RAPN TM and its associated performance metrics with evidence supporting their face, content, construct, and discriminative validation. This report and evidence support the implementation of a simulation-based proficiency-based progression (PBP) training program for RAPN.

Clinical Institute

Kidney & Diabetes