anatomy; ribs; spinal fusion; surgery; thoracic nerve; variation
As lateral approaches gain popularity in lumbar spine surgery, detailed discussions regarding anatomical variations in the innervation of the thoracolumbar region are of increasing importance. Damage to intercostal or subcostal nerves can lead to post-operative complications including regional loss of sensitivity, motor function, or abdominal wall hernias. More specifically, the subcostal nerve has been identified in the literature as one of the more vulnerable structures during such procedures. A clear understanding of the position of the subcostal nerve relative to nearby anatomical structures is therefore important for medical professionals. We herein report a rare anatomical variation in which the subcostal nerve pierces the lumbocostal ligament.
Neurosciences (Brain & Spine)
Vetter, Marc; Iwanaga, Joe; Oskouian, Rod J; and Tubbs, R Shane, "Piercing of the Lumbocostal Ligament by the Subcostal Nerve: A Previously Unreported Case." (2017). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 1055.