Effects of Age and Sex of on Response to Ursodeoxycholic Acid and Transplant-free Survival in Patients With Primary Biliary Cholangitis.

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Clinical gastroenterology and hepatology : the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association


Cholestatic Liver Disease; Mortality; Risk stratification; Stratified Medicine


BACKGROUND & AIMS: Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) predominantly affects middle-aged women; there are few data on disease phenotypes and outcomes of PBC in men and younger patients. We investigated whether differences in sex and/or age at the start of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) treatment are associated with response to therapy, based on biochemical markers, or differences in transplant-free survival.

METHODS: We performed a longitudinal retrospective study of 4355 adults in the Global PBC Study cohort, collected from 17 centers across Europe and North America. Patients received a diagnosis of PBC from 1961 through 2014. We evaluated the effects of sex and age on response to UDCA treatment (based on GLOBE score) and transplant-free survival using logistic regression and Cox regression analyses, respectively.

RESULTS: Male patients were older at the start of treatment (58.3±12.1 years vs 54.3±11.6 years for women; P

CONCLUSION: In longitudinal analysis of 4355 adults in the Global PBC Study, we associated patient age, but not sex, with response to UDCA treatment and transplant-free survival. Younger age at time of PBC diagnosis is associated with increased risk of treatment failure, liver transplant, and death.

Clinical Institute

Digestive Health