Role of Gender in Dual Antiplatelet Therapy After Acute Coronary Syndrome.

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Current atherosclerosis reports


Acute coronary syndrome; Dual antiplatelet therapy; Gender


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The effect of gender on use of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in treatment of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is not well established. The purpose of this review is to understand gender-based differences in response to DAPT, so that treatment of ACS can be optimized in women to prevent ischemic events while minimizing bleeding risk.

RECENT FINDINGS: There are innate gender differences in platelet reactivity and response. However, it is unknown if this translates into differences in clinical outcomes. In all major studies evaluating the effect of DAPT in ACS, women are underrepresented. Hence, the results from the existing trials cannot be generalizable to women. There is a significant knowledge gap regarding how to balance the bleeding and ischemic risk profile among women with ACS. Currently, there is no recommendation to consider gender as covariate in choosing the type of antiplatelet drug or duration. The existing clinical evidence is limited by under representation of women in DAPT trials. The current literature does not strongly support considering gender in decision making regarding type or duration of DAPT after ACS. Future dedicated trial designs with adequate representation from women and gender specific analysis from large registry data are warranted to enhance our understanding of the interaction of gender with DAPT after ACS.

Clinical Institute

Cardiovascular (Heart)