A Hill Gastropexy Combined with Nissen Fundoplication Appears Equivalent to a Collis-Nissen in the Management of Short Esophagus.

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Journal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract


Case-Control Studies; Esophageal Diseases; Esophagogastric Junction; Esophagus; Female; Fundoplication; Gastroesophageal Reflux; Gastropexy; Gastroplasty; Humans; Laparoscopy; Male; Middle Aged; Retrospective Studies


INTRODUCTION: A Collis gastroplasty combined with a Nissen fundoplication is commonly used when a shortened esophagus is encountered. An alternative combines intra-abdominal fixation of the gastroesophageal junction via a Hill gastropexy with a Nissen fundoplication to maintain length and avoid juxtaposing acid-secreting tissue against the diseased esophagus.

METHODS: A retrospective case-controlled analysis of 106 consecutive patients with short esophagus undergoing Hill-Nissen (HN) or Collis-Nissen (CN) was compared to a cohort of 105 matched patients without short esophagus undergoing primary Nissen fundoplication (NF).

RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 27 months, all groups (HN:CN:NF) improved significantly over preoperative baseline with no differences in overall complications (18 vs 16 vs 19%, p = 0.78), DeMeester score (11.1 vs 19.1 vs 14.2, p = 0.49), postoperative PPI use (16 vs 22 vs 15%, p = 0.24), anatomic recurrences (11.7 vs 5.5 vs 7%, p = 0.43), or quality of life (6.8 vs 6.7 vs 6.4, p = 0.3).

CONCLUSIONS: The management of shortened esophagus with Hill-Nissen is safe and as effective as Collis gastroplasty with Nissen fundoplication. Both options appear to produce similar outcomes to patients requiring only a Nissen fundoplication suggesting a shortened esophagus does not beget an inferior outcome.

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Digestive Health