Sports Cardiology: Core Curriculum for Providing Cardiovascular Care to Competitive Athletes and Highly Active People.

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Journal of the American College of Cardiology


Athletes; Cardiology; Cardiomegaly, Exercise-Induced; Cardiovascular Diseases; Clinical Competence; Curriculum; Delivery of Health Care; Exercise; Humans; Preventive Health Services; Quality Improvement; Risk Assessment; Risk Factors; Sports; Sports Medicine; United States; cards


The last few decades have seen substantial growth in the populations of competitive athletes and highly active people (CAHAP). Although vigorous physical exercise is an effective way to reduce the risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease, CAHAP remain susceptible to inherited and acquired CV disease, and may be most at risk for adverse CV outcomes during intense physical activity. Traditionally, multidisciplinary teams comprising athletic trainers, physical therapists, primary care sports medicine physicians, and orthopedic surgeons have provided clinical care for CAHAP. However, there is increasing recognition that a care team including qualified CV specialists optimizes care delivery for CAHAP. In recognition of the increasing demand for CV specialists competent in the care of CAHAP, the American College of Cardiology has recently established a Sports and Exercise Council. An important primary objective of this council is to define the essential skills necessary to practice effective sports cardiology.

Clinical Institute

Cardiovascular (Heart)

Clinical Institute

Orthopedics & Sports Medicine




Sports Medicine


Center for Cardiovascular Analytics, Research + Data Science (CARDS)