Profiles of Brain Metastases: Prioritization of Therapeutic Targets.

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International journal of cancer. Journal international du cancer


DNA repair enzymes; TOP2A; brain metastases; molecular profiling; multiplatform analysis


We sought to compare the tumor profiles of brain metastases from common cancers with those of primary tumors and extracranial metastases in order to identify potential targets and prioritize rational treatment strategies. Tumor samples were collected from both the primary and metastatic sites of non-small cell lung cancer, breast cancer, and melanoma from patients in locations worldwide, and these were submitted to Caris Life Sciences for tumor multiplatform analysis, including gene sequencing (Sanger and next-generation sequencing with a targeted 47-gene panel), protein expression (assayed by immunohistochemistry), and gene amplification (assayed by in situ hybridization). The data analysis considered differential protein expression, gene amplification, and mutations among brain metastases, extracranial metastases, and primary tumors. The analyzed population included: 16,999 unmatched primary tumor and/or metastasis samples: 8178 non-small cell lung cancers (5098 primaries; 2787 systemic metastases; 293 brain metastases), 7064 breast cancers (3496 primaries; 3469 systemic metastases; 99 brain metastases), and 1757 melanomas (660 primaries; 996 systemic metastases; 101 brain metastases). TOP2A expression was increased in brain metastases from all 3 cancers, and brain metastases overexpressed multiple proteins clustering around functions critical to DNA synthesis and repair and implicated in chemotherapy resistance, including RRM1, TS, ERCC1, and TOPO1. cMET was overexpressed in melanoma brain metastases relative to primary skin specimens. Brain metastasis patients may particularly benefit from therapeutic targeting of enzymes associated with DNA synthesis, replication, and/or repair. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Clinical Institute

Neurosciences (Brain & Spine)

Clinical Institute