The Role of Precision Medicine in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Patients with Rare Cancers.

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Cancer treatment and research


Genomics; Humans; Molecular Targeted Therapy; Neoplasms; Precision Medicine; Prognosis


Rare cancers pose unique challenges for patients and their physicians arising from a lack of information regarding the best therapeutic options. Very often, a lack of clinical trial data leads physicians to choose treatments based on small case series or case reports. Precision medicine based on genomic analysis of tumors may allow for selection of better treatments with greater efficacy and less toxicity. Physicians are increasingly using genetics to identify patients at high risk for certain cancers to allow for early detection or prophylactic interventions. Genomics can be used to inform prognosis and more accurately establish a diagnosis. Genomic analysis may also expose therapeutic targets for which drugs are currently available and approved for use in other cancers. Notable successes in the treatment of previously refractory cancers have resulted. New more advanced sequencing technologies, tools for interpretation, and an increasing array of targeted drugs offer additional hope, but challenges remain.

Clinical Institute