Worldwide survey on opinions and use of minimally invasive pancreatic resection.

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

HPB (Oxford)


Adult; Attitude of Health Personnel; Clinical Competence; Education, Medical, Continuing; Education, Medical, Graduate; Health Care Surveys; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Humans; Laparoscopy; Middle Aged; Pancreatectomy; Pancreaticoduodenectomy; Practice Patterns, Physicians'; Robotic Surgical Procedures; Surgeons


BACKGROUND: The introduction of minimally invasive pancreatic resection (MIPR) into surgical practice has been slow. The worldwide utilization of MIPR and attitude towards future perspectives of MIPR remains unknown.

METHODS: An anonymous survey on MIPR was sent to the members of six international associations of Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary (HPB) surgery.

RESULTS: The survey was completed by 435 surgeons from 50 countries, with each surgeon performing a median of 22 (IQR 12-40) pancreatic resections annually. Minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy (MIDP) was performed by 345 (79%) surgeons and minimally invasive pancreatoduodenectomy (MIPD) by 124 (29%). The median total personal experience was 20 (IQR 10-50) MIDPs and 12 (IQR 4-40) MIPDs. Current superiority for MIDP was claimed by 304 (70%) and for MIPD by 44 (10%) surgeons. The most frequently mentioned reason for not performing MIDP (54/90 (60%)) and MIPD (193/311 (62%)) was lack of specific training. Most surgeons (394/435 (90%)) would consider participating in an international registry on MIPR.

DISCUSSION: This worldwide survey showed that most participating HPB surgeons value MIPR as a useful development, especially for MIDP, but the role and implementation of MIPD requires further assessment. Most HPB surgeons would welcome specific training in MIPR and the establishment of an international registry.

Clinical Institute

Digestive Health