Front Integr Neurosci
Background: Individuals with premutation alleles of the
Materials and Methods: 26
Results: Relative to controls, premutation carriers showed reduced rates of initial force generation during rapid motor actions and longer durations of their initial pressing with their dominant hand. During sustained force, premutation carriers demonstrated reduced force complexity, though this effect was specific to younger premutation carries during dominant hand pressing and was more severe for younger relative to older premutation carriers at low and medium force levels. Increased reaction time and lower sustained force complexity each were associated with greater CGG repeat length for premutation carriers. Increased reaction time and increased sustained force variability were associated with more severe clinically rated FXTAS symptoms.
Conclusion: Overall our findings suggest multiple sensorimotor processes are disrupted in aging premutation carriers, including initial force control guided by feedforward mechanisms and sustained sensorimotor behaviors guided by sensory feedback control processes. Results indicating that sensorimotor issues in aging premutation carriers relate to both greater CGG repeat length and clinically rated FXTAS symptoms suggest that quantitative tests of precision sensorimotor ability may serve as key targets for monitoring FXTAS risk and progression.
Neurosciences (Brain & Spine)
McKinney, Walker S; Wang, Zheng; Kelly, Shannon; Khemani, Pravin; Lui, Su; White, Stormi P; and Mosconi, Matthew W, "Precision Sensorimotor Control in Aging FMR1 Gene Premutation Carriers." (2019). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 2338.