Phase IB/II Trial of Lenvatinib Plus Pembrolizumab in Patients With Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma, Endometrial Cancer, and Other Selected Advanced Solid Tumors.

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Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology


PURPOSE: Modulation of vascular endothelial growth factor-mediated immune suppression via angiogenesis inhibition may augment the activity of immune checkpoint inhibitors. We report results from the dose-finding and initial phase II expansion of a phase Ib/II study of lenvatinib plus pembrolizumab in patients with selected advanced solid tumors.

METHODS: Eligible patients had metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC), endometrial cancer, squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN), melanoma, non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), or urothelial cancer. The primary objective of phase Ib was to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) for lenvatinib plus pembrolizumab (200 mg intravenously every 3 weeks). In the preplanned phase II cohort expansion, the primary objective was objective response rate at week 24 (ORR

RESULTS: Overall, 137 patients were enrolled during phase Ib (n = 13) and the initial phase II expansion (n = 124). Two dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs; grade 3 arthralgia and grade 3 fatigue) were reported in the initial dose level (lenvatinib 24 mg/d plus pembrolizumab). No DLTs were observed in the subsequent dose-de-escalation cohort, establishing the MTD and recommended phase II dose at lenvatinib 20 mg/d plus pembrolizumab. ORR

CONCLUSION: Lenvatinib plus pembrolizumab demonstrated a manageable safety profile and promising antitumor activity in patients with selected solid tumor types.

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