A phase II trial evaluating the efficacy of high-dose Radioiodinated Tositumomab (Anti-CD20) antibody, etoposide and cyclophosphamide followed by autologous transplantation, for high-risk relapsed or refractory non-hodgkin lymphoma.

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American journal of hematology


Radiation is the most effective treatment for localized lymphoma, but treatment of multifocal disease is limited by toxicity. Radioimmunotherapy (RIT) delivers tumoricidal radiation to multifocal sites, further augmenting response by dose-escalation. This phase II trial evaluated high-dose RIT and chemotherapy prior to autologous stem-cell transplant (ASCT) for high-risk, relapsed or refractory (R/R) B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). The primary endpoint was progression free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints were overall survival (OS), toxicity, and tolerability. Patients age < 60 years with R/R NHL expressing CD20 were eligible. Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) patients could proceed to transplant in first remission. Patients received I-131-tositumomab delivered at ≤25Gy to critical normal organs, followed by etoposide, cyclophosphamide and ASCT. A group of 107 patients were treated including aggressive lymphoma (N = 29), indolent lymphoma (N = 45), and MCL (N = 33). After a median follow-up of 10.1 years, the 10-year PFS for the aggressive, indolent, and MCL groups were 62%, 64%, 43% respectively. The 10-year OS for the aggressive, indolent, and MCL groups were 61%, 71%, 48% respectively. Toxicities were similar to standard conditioning regimens and non-relapse mortality at 100 days was 2.8%. Late myeloid malignancies were seen in 6% of patients. High-dose I-131-tositumomab, etoposide and cyclophosphamide followed by ASCT appeared feasible, safe, and effective in treating NHL, with estimated PFS at 10-years of 43%-64%. In light of novel cellular therapies for R/R NHL, high-dose RIT-containing regimens yield comparable efficacy and safety and could be prospectively compared.

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