90 Y-labeled anti-CD45 antibody allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation for high-risk multiple myeloma

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Bone marrow transplantation


To improve disease control without increasing the toxicity of a reduced-intensity allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) in multiple myeloma (MM), a phase I trial was performed using an antibody-radionuclide conjugate targeting CD45 (90Y-DOTA-BC8) as conditioning. 90Y-DOTA-BC8 was combined with fludarabine and low-dose TBI followed by allogeneic HCT in patients with MM and ≥1 adverse risk characteristic at diagnosis, relapse after autologous transplant, or plasma cell leukemia (PCL). The primary objective was to estimate the maximum tolerated radiation absorbed dose. Fourteen patients were treated (one with PCL, nine failed prior autologous HCT, and nine with ≥1 adverse cytogenetics). Absorbed doses up to 32 Gy to liver were delivered. No dose-limiting toxicities occurred. Non-hematologic toxicities were manageable and included primarily gastrointestinal (43%) and metabolic/electrolyte disturbances (36%). Treatment-related mortality at 100 days was 0%. At a median follow-up of 5 years, the overall survival was 71% (median not reached) and the progression-free survival was 41% (median 40.9 months). The incorporation of CD45-targeted radioimmunotherapy (RIT) into a reduced-intensity allogeneic HCT is well-tolerated and may induce long-term remissions among patients with poor-risk MM, supporting further development of RIT-augmented conditioning regimens for HCT.

Clinical Institute