Yttrium-90 Anti-CD45 Immunotherapy Followed by Autologous Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Relapsed or Refractory Lymphoma.

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Biology of blood and marrow transplantation : journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation


Autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT) is a standard of care for several subtypes of high-risk lymphoma, but durable remissions are not achieved in the majority of patients. Intensified conditioning using CD45-targeted antibody-radionuclide conjugate (ARC) preceding AHCT may improve outcomes in lymphoma by permitting the delivery of curative doses of radiation to disease sites while minimizing toxicity. We performed sequential phase I trials of escalating doses of yttrium-90 (90Y)-labeled anti-CD45 antibody with or without BEAM (carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine, melphalan) chemotherapy followed by AHCT in adults with relapsed/refractory or high-risk B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), T cell NHL (T-NHL), or Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). Twenty-one patients were enrolled (16 NHL, 4 HL, 1 T-NHL). Nineteen patients received BEAM concurrently. No dose-limiting toxicities were observed; therefore, the maximum tolerated dose is estimated to be ≥34 Gy to the liver. Nonhematologic toxicities and engraftment kinetics were similar to standard myeloablative AHCT. Late myeloid malignancies and 100-day nonrelapse deaths were not observed. At a median follow-up of 5 years, the estimates of progression-free and overall survival of 19 patients were 37% and 68%, respectively. Two patients did not receive BEAM; one had stable disease and the other progressive disease post-transplant. The combination of 90Y-anti-CD45 with BEAM and AHCT was feasible and tolerable in patients with relapsed and refractory lymphoma. The use of anti-CD45 ARC as an adjunct to hematopoietic cell transplantation regimens or in combination with novel therapies/immunotherapies should be further explored based on these and other data.

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