Program of Active Consumer Engagement in Self-Management in Epilepsy: Replication and extension of a self-management randomized controlled trial.

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Adult; Community Participation; Epilepsy; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Patient Participation; Self-Management


OBJECTIVE: The Program of Active Consumer Engagement in Self-Management in Epilepsy (PACES) is an evidenced-based self-management intervention for adults with epilepsy. Prior randomized controlled trial (RCT) data show that PACES reduces depression and improves self-management, self-efficacy, and quality of life for 6 months postprogram. The objective of this study was to replicate a PACES RCT with key extensions: more diverse patient pool from community-based epilepsy centers; option for telephone-based participation; and longer follow-up (12 months with booster support for intervention group), to examine duration of impact and inform dissemination and implementation.

METHODS: Participants were adults with chronic epilepsy (n = 101) without serious mental illness or substantive intellectual impairment, recruited from three epilepsy centers. Participants were randomly assigned to intervention or waitlist control groups. Outcomes included the Epilepsy Self-Management Scale (ESMS), Epilepsy Self-Efficacy Scale (ESES), Quality of Life in Epilepsy-31, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7, administered at baseline, postintervention (8 weeks), and 6 and 12 months postintervention. Intervention was an 8-week group of five to eight adults co-led by a psychologist and trained peer with epilepsy that met once per week by teleconference or in person at a hospital for 60-75 minutes. Topics included medical, psychosocial, cognitive, and self-management aspects of epilepsy, as well as community integration and epilepsy-related communication. Treatment group provided program evaluation.

RESULTS: PACES participants (n = 49) improved relative to controls (n = 52) on the ESES (P < .022) and overall distress composite (P = .008). At 6 months, PACES participants remained improved on the ESES (P = .008) and composite (P = .001), and were improved on the ESMS (P = .005). At 12 months, PACES participants remained improved on the ESMS (P = .006) and were improved on an overall distress composite of combined measures (P = .018). Attrition was low (

SIGNIFICANCE: A consumer-generated epilepsy self-management program with broad psychosocial and medical emphasis can be effectively delivered by telephone or in person and facilitates long-term epilepsy self-management, adjustment, and coping up to 1 year after treatment.

Clinical Institute

Neurosciences (Brain & Spine)