A new teaching model for demonstrating the movement of the extraocular muscles.

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Clinical anatomy (New York, N.Y.)


Aged, 80 and over; Anatomy; Cadaver; Humans; Male; Models, Anatomic; Movement; Oculomotor Muscles; Teaching; anatomy; dental education; extraocular muscles; medical education; optometry education; teaching


The extraocular muscles consist of the superior, inferior, lateral, and medial rectus muscles and the superior and inferior oblique muscles. This study aimed to create a new teaching model for demonstrating the function of the extraocular muscles. A coronal section of the head was prepared and sutures attached to the levator palpebral superioris muscle and six extraocular muscles. Tension was placed on each muscle from a posterior approach and movement of the eye documented from an anterior view. All movements were clearly seen less than that of the inferior rectus muscle. To our knowledge, this is the first cadaveric teaching model for demonstrating the movements of the extraocular muscles. Clin. Anat. 30:733-735, 2017. © 2017Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Clinical Institute

Neurosciences (Brain & Spine)