Proteomic/transcriptomic analysis of erythropoiesis.

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Current opinion in hematology


washington; seattle; isb


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Erythropoiesis is a hierarchical process by which hematopoietic stem cells give rise to red blood cells through gradual cell fate restriction and maturation. Deciphering this process requires the establishment of dynamic gene regulatory networks (GRNs) that predict the response of hematopoietic cells to signals from the environment. Although GRNs have historically been derived from transcriptomic data, recent proteomic studies have revealed a major role for posttranscriptional mechanisms in regulating gene expression during erythropoiesis. These new findings highlight the need to integrate proteomic data into GRNs for a refined understanding of erythropoiesis.

RECENT FINDINGS: Here, we review recent proteomic studies that have furthered our understanding of erythropoiesis with a focus on quantitative mass spectrometry approaches to measure the abundance of transcription factors and cofactors during differentiation. Furthermore, we highlight challenges that remain in integrating transcriptomic, proteomic, and other omics data into a predictive model of erythropoiesis, and discuss the future prospect of single-cell proteomics.

SUMMARY: Recent proteomic studies have considerably expanded our knowledge of erythropoiesis beyond the traditional transcriptomic-centric perspective. These findings have both opened up new avenues of research to increase our understanding of erythroid differentiation, while at the same time presenting new challenges in integrating multiple layers of information into a comprehensive gene regulatory model.


Institute for Systems Biology


Institute for Systems Biology