Optimal oncologic and perioperative outcomes of cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy are attainable at a community center.

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

American journal of surgery


Cytoreductive surgery; Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC); Peritoneal surface malignancy; Surgical oncology; Surgical outcomes; washington; seattle; swedish cancer


BACKGROUND: CRS with HIPEC is a complex operation that has shown survival benefit in patients with a variety of primary and metastatic peritoneal surface malignancies. While optimal oncologic and perioperative outcomes have been defined by expert consensus and demonstrated at university-affiliated, academic centers, similar results have never been presented from a non-university-affiliated, community center in the literature to date.

METHODS: All cases of CRS with HIPEC performed at a non-university-affiliated, community center were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. Oncologic and perioperative outcomes were compared Chicago Working Group benchmarks and with results from university-affiliated, academic centers recently published in high-impact-factor, peer-reviewed journals.

RESULTS: All 112 cases completed over 5 years were reviewed. 3 were excluded from analysis since they were palliative HIPEC procedures for distressing ascites-related symptoms only without CRS. A wide variety of tumors were treated. Average PCI was 18±9.1. Median PCI was 14. CC 0-1 was achieved in 89% of patients. Average length of stay was 11.6±9.3 days. Serious perioperative morbidity, defined as a Clavien-Dindo Grade III or IV complication, was observed in 22% of patients. The frequency of major complications decreased after the first year. There were no perioperative deaths.

CONCLUSIONS: Optimal oncologic and perioperative outcomes of CRS and HIPEC are attainable at a non universityaffiliated, community center. A multidisciplinary team and high clinical volume are necessary to obtain these results.

Clinical Institute