Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

University of Washington, School of Nursing


washington; seattle; swedish; diversity/inclusion


INTRODUCTION  The spiritual practice of Islam is considered one of the three major monotheistic religions. There is minimal research about Palliative care and Muslim patients in both Muslim majority and Muslim minority countries. Engaging in internal assessment of palliative care provision to Muslim patients is important for quality care. This project aimed to examine gaps in Palliative needs assessment of Muslims in one institution.

OBJECTIVES Assess Swedish palliative care team’s barriers to spiritual care (SC) and baseline knowledge of Islamic influences on healthcare. Interview Muslim patients and insights from a Muslim Imam trained in chaplaincy about PC experience. Develop system/policy/educational recommendations and resources to bridge community and hospital Imam presence Resource as well a means to sustainability.

BACKGROUND - ISLAM  5 pillars of Islamic practice: Declaration of belief, 5 daily prayers, fasting, charity, hajj to Makkah. Serious illness is a time of increased spirituality, seeking forgiveness, repentance, and patience. Tenants of palliative care and Islam include affirming life, easing suffering, and treating the dying with compassion and dignity.

OUTCOMES: Patient/chaplain Interview Coded using 3 Themes Identified in Literature. 1.Imam Presence, recognizing redemptive suffering, recognizing the concept of predestination, pork sourced gelatin in medicine. 2.Religious accommodation, privacy, family in decisions, GOC conversations 3.Need for spiritual closeness to God through prayer.

RECOMMENDATIONS/RESOURCES Resource Building: Yearly review of the education/resource binder with Imam Qasim known to Swedish PC team. Utilize a 5-Part communication framework. Monthly meeting to discuss specific cases and learnings Prayer Kit Imam Presence

CONCLUSIONS This project has implications for practice including better outcome for patients/families via increased patient satisfaction and providing care that values spirituality. Palliative care providers must take the time to engage the spiritual needs of patients as it pertains to their care. The questions can be as simple as “What is the most important practice within your religion?” It is simply not enough to care about pain control and palliation, spirituality must be central to the palliative care of every patient that desires it.




Palliative Care


Population Health