Covid-19 in hospitalized lung and non-lung solid organ transplant recipients: a comparative analysis from a multicenter study.

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American journal of transplantation : official journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons


washington; seattle; swedish; 2019-nCoV


Lung transplant recipients (LTR) with Covid-19 may have higher mortality than non-lung solid organ transplant recipients (SOTR), but direct comparisons are limited. Risk factors for mortality specifically in LTR have not been explored. We performed a multicenter cohort study of adult SOTR with Covid-19 to compare mortality by 28-days between hospitalized LTR and non-lung SOTR. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to assess comorbidity-adjusted mortality among LTR vs. non-lung SOTR and to determine risk factors for death in LTR. Of 1,616 SOTR with Covid-19, 1,051 (65%) were hospitalized including 117/159 (74%) LTR and 934/1457 (64%) non-lung SOTR (p=0.02). Mortality was higher among LTR compared to non-lung SOTR (24% vs. 16%, respectively, p=0.035) and lung transplant was independently associated with death after adjusting for age and comorbidities (aOR 1.7, 95% CI 1.0-2.6, p=0.05). Among LTR, independent risk factors for mortality included single lung transplant (aOR 2.8, 95% CI 1.0-7.7, p=0.04) and chronic lung allograft dysfunction (aOR 3.6, 95% CI 1.0-12.4, p=0.05), but not age >65 years, heart failure, or obesity. Among SOTR hospitalized for Covid-19, LTR had higher mortality than non-lung SOTR. In LTR, single lung transplant and chronic allograft dysfunction were independently associated with mortality.


Infectious Diseases


Pulmonary Medicine