Plasma MMP-2 and MMP-7 levels are elevated first month after surgery and may promote growth of residual metastases.

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World J Gastrointest Oncol


washington; seattle; swedish


BACKGROUND: MMP-2 also known as gelatinase A and MMP-7 (matrilysin) are members of the zinc-dependent family of MMPs (Matrix metalloproteinase). MMP-2 and MMP-7 are remodeling enzymes that digest extracellular matrix; MMP-2 is extensively expressed during development and is upregulated at sites of tissue damage, inflammation, and in stromal cells of metastatic tumors. MMP-7 is expressed in the epithelial cells and in a variety of cancers including colon tumors. Plasma MMP-2 and MMP-7 levels were assessed before and after minimally invasive colorectal resection for cancer pathology.

AIM: To determine plasma MMP-2 and MMP-7 levels before and after minimally invasive colorectal resection for cancer pathology.

METHODS: Patients enrolled in a plasma bank for whom plasma was available were eligible. Plasma obtained from preoperative (Preop) and postoperative blood samples was used. Only colorectal cancer (CRC) patients who underwent elective minimally invasive cancer resection with preop, post-operative day (POD) 1, 3 and at least 1 late postop sample (POD 7-34) were included. Late samples were bundled into 7 d blocks (POD 7-13, 14-20,

RESULTS: Total 88 minimally invasive CRC resection CRC patients were studied (right colectomy, 37%; sigmoid, 24%; and LAR/AR 18%). Cancer stages were: 1, 31%; 2, 30%; 3, 34%; and 4, 5%. Mean Preop MMP-2 plasma level (ng/mL) was 179.3 ± 40.9 (

CONCLUSION: MMP-2 levels are elevated for 5 wk and MMP-7 levels elevated for weeks 2-6. The etiology of these changes in unclear, trauma and wound healing likely play a role. These changes may promote residual tumor growth and metastasis.

Clinical Institute

Digestive Health

Clinical Institute