RAMOSE: An Open-Label Randomized Phase II Study of Osimertinib with or without Ramucirumab in TKI-Naïve EGFR-Mutant Metastatic NSCLC

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Journal of Thoracic Oncology


oregon; portland; chiles



The third-generation EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor osimertinib is currently used as a standard first-line therapy for patients with metastatic EGFR-mutant NSCLC. However, a majority of patients’ cancers will develop resistance to osimertinib in less than 2 years, with a median progression-free survival of approximately 19 months. Preclinical models demonstrate upregulated VEGF signaling as a mechanism of acquired resistance to EGFR therapies, and improved efficacy when combining VEGF and EGFR inhibition. Ramucirumab, a monoclonal antibody targeting VEGF receptor 2, was recently approved by the US FDA in combination with erlotinib in patients with metastatic untreated EGFR-mutant NSCLC, based on a significant improvement in progression-free survival (PFS) with the combination seen in the RELAY trial. A phase I study of osimertinib with ramucirumab (NCT02789345) demonstrated safety and feasibility of this combination. With this strong preclinical and clinical evidence, we are conducting a phase 2 trial to evaluate the osimertinib ramucirumab combination’s efficacy in treatment-naïve EGFR-mutant NSCLC.


RAMOSE (HCRN LUN-18-335; NCT03909334) is a randomized, open-label phase 2 study comparing osimertinib 80mg PO daily + ramucirumab 10 mg/kg IV q3 weeks (O + R) to osimertinib 80mg PO daily monotherapy (O) for initial treatment of metastatic EGFR-mutant NSCLC. Patients are randomized 2:1 to the O+R versus O groups, with stratification based on type of EGFR mutation and presence of CNS metastasis. The trial plans to enroll total of 150 patients, allocating 100 to O+R and 50 to O monotherapy. The primary endpoint is PFS. Secondary endpoints include ORR, OS and DCR, as well as safety/toxicity. Major inclusion criteria include patients with metastatic NSCLC harboring activating EGFR mutations (L858R or Exon 19 del). Major exclusion criteria include prior anti-EGFR or anti-VEGF treatments. Patients with stable CNS metastasis are allowed. We hypothesize an improvement of PFS from 18.9 months to 29.7 months, corresponding to a hazard ratio of 0.65. The study is currently open at 9 sites in the USA, with additional sites planned. Hoosier Cancer Research Network is facilitating execution of the trial. Analysis by a study Data Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB) is performed annually. In addition, a planned interim analysis for efficacy will be performed after the first 75 subjects are enrolled.


The trial opened to accrual in July 2019. As of July 02, 2020 (the data cutoff for planned DSMB analysis), 29 patients had been accrued. 25 of these patients were randomized (17 to O+R arm and 8 to O arm). Among the patients currently evaluable for toxicity (N=19), grade 3 or higher adverse events (AEs) were reported in 5/14 patients on O+R arm, versus 1/5 patients on O arm. In the O+R arm, grade 3 AEs included hypertension (n=1), pleural catheter infection (n=1), musculoskeletal pain (n=1), neutrophil count decreased (n=1), and dyspnea (n=1).


Early analysis from the RAMOSE trial shows no unexpected signals of toxicity with the combination of O+R. Enrollment for the trial is ongoing.

Clinical Institute



Earle A. Chiles Research Institute