Perioperative approach to precapillary pulmonary hypertension in non-cardiac non-obstetric surgery.

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Eur Respir Rev


seattle; swedish; washington; Humans; Hypertension, Pulmonary; Hypoxia; Perioperative Care; Ventricular Dysfunction, Right; Ventricular Function, Right


Pulmonary hypertension (PH) confers a significant challenge in perioperative care. It is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. A considerable amount of information about management of patients with PH has emerged over the past decade. However, there is still a paucity of information to guide perioperative evaluation and management of these patients. Yet, a satisfactory outcome is feasible by focusing on elaborate disease-adapted anaesthetic management of this complex disease with a multidisciplinary approach. The cornerstone of the peri-anaesthetic management of patients with PH is preservation of right ventricular (RV) function with attention on maintaining RV preload, contractility and limiting increase in RV afterload at each stage of the patient's perioperative care. Pre-anaesthetic evaluation, choice of anaesthetic agents, proper fluid management, appropriate ventilation, correction of hypoxia, hypercarbia, acid-base balance and pain control are paramount in this regard. Essentially, the perioperative management of PH patients is intricate and multifaceted. Unfortunately, a comprehensive evidence-based guideline is lacking to navigate us through this complex process. We conducted a literature review on patients with PH with a focus on the perioperative evaluation and suggest management algorithms for these patients during non-cardiac, non-obstetric surgery.

Clinical Institute

Cardiovascular (Heart)




Pulmonary Medicine