Automated Bolus Calculators and Connected Insulin Pens: A Smart Combination for Multiple Daily Injection Insulin Therapy.
J Diabetes Sci Technol
Although automated bolus calculators (ABCs) have become a mainstay in insulin pump therapy, they have not achieved similar levels of adoption by persons with diabetes (PWD) using multiple daily injections of insulin (MDI). Only a small number of blood glucose meters (BGMs) have incorporated ABC functionality and the proliferation of unregulated ABC smartphone apps raised safety concerns and eventually led to Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-mandated regulatory oversight for these types of apps. With the recent introduction of smartphone-connected insulin pens, manufacturer-supported companion ABC apps may offer an ideal solution for PWD and health care professionals that reduces errors of mental math when calculating bolus insulin dosing, increases the quality of diabetes data reporting, and improves glycemic outcomes.
Kidney & Diabetes
Ahn, David T, "Automated Bolus Calculators and Connected Insulin Pens: A Smart Combination for Multiple Daily Injection Insulin Therapy." (2021). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 5514.