Outreach: Preliminary safety and efficacy results from a phase 2 study of lisocabtagene maraleucel (liso-cel) in the nonuniversity setting.
2021 ASCO Annual Meeting
oregon; portland; chiles
Research Funding:Bristol-Myers Squibb Company
Background:Concerns about adverse events (AEs) related to CAR T cell therapy have resulted in administration of this therapy largely in an inpatient setting. OUTREACH (NCT03744676) evaluates safety and efficacy of liso-cel in patients (pts) with R/R large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL) across inpatient and outpatient settings at nonuniversity medical centers (NMCs).Methods:NMCs, including centers naïve to CAR T cell therapy, enrolled adults with R/R LBCL in this open-label, multicenter study. Eligible pts had R/R PET-positive disease after ≥2 lines of prior systemic therapy, ECOG PS ≤1, and adequate organ function. Prior autologous HSCT was allowed. Pts received sequential infusions of equal target doses of CD8+ and CD4+ cells at a total target dose of 100 × 106 CAR+ T cells. Primary endpoint was incidence of grade (G) ≥3 cytokine release syndrome (CRS) graded per 2014 Lee criteria, neurological events (NEs), prolonged cytopenias (Day 29 G ≥3 lab values), and infections. Secondary endpoints were safety and overall response rate (ORR). Outpatient AE monitoring/management was managed by a multidisciplinary CAR T cell therapy team following standard operating procedures (SOPs).Results:At data cutoff, 46 pts (inpatients n = 16, outpatients n = 30) were treated with liso-cel. Inpatients and outpatients had similar demographics and baseline disease characteristics; median age was 63 y (range, 34–83), 63% had diffuse LBCL not otherwise specified, and 91% were refractory to last therapy. Safety data were similar across inpatients and outpatients (Table). Early (study Day ≤4) and overall hospitalization in outpatients was reported in 27% and 63%, respectively; median time to hospitalization was 5 (2–61) days and median length of stay was 6 (1–28) days. For efficacy-evaluable pts (n = 44), ORR was 75% for inpatients and 79% for outpatients; CR rates were 50% and 61%, respectively.Conclusions:Liso-cel was successfully administered to pts with R/R LBCL in the outpatient setting and pts were monitored for CAR T cell therapy–related toxicities by multidisciplinary teams using SOPs. The incidences of severe CRS and NEs and use of tocilizumab and/or corticosteroids were similar in inpatients and outpatients, and consistent with the pivotal study observations (Abramson, The Lancet 2020). Updated data with longer follow-up will be presented. Clinical trial information: NCT03744676
Earle A. Chiles Research Institute
Godwin, John E; Mattar, Bassam I.; and See list of authors in comments, "Outreach: Preliminary safety and efficacy results from a phase 2 study of lisocabtagene maraleucel (liso-cel) in the nonuniversity setting." (2021). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 5524.