A first-in-human study of AO-176, a highly differentiated anti-CD47 antibody, in patients with advanced solid tumors.

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

2021 ASCO Annual Meeting


oregon; portland; chiles


Research Funding:

Arch Oncology

Background:AO-176 is a humanized IgG2 antibody that specifically targets CD47. Expressed by multiple tumor types, CD47 binds to signal regulatory protein a (SIRPa) on phagocytes, including macrophages and dendritic cells. The CD47-SIRPa complex results in a “don’t eat me” signal that allows the tumor to escape removal by the innate immune system, disabling the generation of an adaptive immune response. The differentiated mechanisms of action of AO-176 include promotion of phagocytosis, direct tumor cell killing through programmed cell death type III and induction of damage associated molecular patterns/immunogenic cell death, preferentially binding to tumor cells vs. normal cells, and enhanced binding at an acidic pH as found in tumor microenvironments. AO-176 has negligible binding to RBCs.Methods:In a phase 1/2 first-in-human study (NCT03834948) of AO-176, pts with advanced solid tumors associated with high CD47 expression and an ECOG PS of 0-1 were enrolled into escalating dose cohorts of AO-176 given IV every 7 days. Objectives included evaluation of safety, dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) and recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D), antitumor activity, pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters and exploratory biomarkers.Results:As of 4 Jan 2021, 27 pts were enrolled (median age 64 years; 67% female; 67% ECOG PS 1; median [range] of 4 [1-7] prior therapies for metastatic disease). Dose levels of 1, 3, 10, 20 and 20 (using step-up dosing) mg/kg were evaluated in >250 infusions. Most common (>10%) treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) of any grade were thrombocytopenia and infusion-related reaction (IRR) (33% each), anemia (22%) with no evidence of hemolysis, nausea (19%), and fatigue (15%). The only G3+ TRAE occurring in >10% of pts was asymptomatic, brief thrombocytopenia (22%). No platelet transfusions were given. DLTs included IRRs in 2 pts dosed at 20 mg/kg, and asymptomatic thrombocytopenia and a cerebrovascular accident in 1 pt each in the 20 mg/kg step-up cohort. The RP2D was 10 mg/kg. Implementation of additional pre-medication and a 6-hr infusion duration in cycle 1 eliminated subsequent IRRs. Dexamethasone tapering and shortening of the infusion duration to 2 hrs was successful in all pts after cycle 1. Interim PK analysis of AO-176 demonstrated consistent exposure with linear PK. The T1/2 was ̃5 days. One pt with endometrial carcinoma who had not responded to any of 4 prior systemic regimens had a confirmed PR and remains on study for >1 year. 7 pts had SD as a best response, with 2 pts (endometrial carcinoma, gastric cancer) on study for >6 mos.Conclusions:AO-176 is a well-tolerated, differentiated anti-CD47 therapeutic. Durable anti-tumor activity was observed. Evaluations of AO-176 in combination with paclitaxel in pts with select solid tumors (NCT03834948) and as a single-agent in pts with multiple myeloma (NCT04445701) are ongoing. Clinical trial information: NCT03834948

Clinical Institute



Earle A. Chiles Research Institute




Howard A. Burris III, Alexander I. Spira, Matthew H. Taylor, Oladapo O. Yeku, Joyce F. Liu, Pamela N. Munster, Erika P. Hamilton, Jacob S. Thomas, Frances Gatlin, Richard T. Penson, Thomas A. Abrams, Mallika S. Dhawan, Jacqueline M. Walling, John W. Frye, Kevin Romanko, Victoria Sung, Carrie Brachmann, Anthony B. El-Khoueiry