Anisocoria Correlates With Injury Severity and Outcomes After Blunt Traumatic Brain Injury.

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

The Journal of neuroscience nursing : journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses


mission viejo; california; Anisocoria; Brain Injuries, Traumatic; Glasgow Coma Scale; Humans; Prospective Studies; Retrospective Studies


ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Automated infrared pupillometry (AIP) has been shown to be helpful in the setting of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and stroke as an indicator of imminent irreversible brain injury. We postulated that the early detection of pupillary dysfunction after light stimulation using AIP may be useful in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of the Establishing Normative Data for Pupillometer Assessment in Neuroscience Intensive Care database, a prospectively populated multicenter registry of patients who had AIP measurements taken during their intensive care unit admission. The primary eligibility criterion was a diagnosis of blunt TBI. Ordinal logistic modeling was used to explore the association between anisocoria and daily Glasgow Coma Scale scores and discharge modified Rankin Scale scores from the intensive care unit and from the hospital. RESULTS: Among 118 subjects in the who met inclusion, there were 6187 pupillometer readings. Of these, anisocoria in ambient light was present in 12.8%, and that after light stimulation was present in 9.8%. Anisocoria after light stimulation was associated with worse injury severity (odds ratio [OR], 0.26 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.14-0.46]), lower discharge Glasgow Coma Scale scores (OR, 0.28 [95% CI, 0.17-0.45]), and lower discharge modified Rankin Scale scores (OR, 0.28 [95% CI, 0.17-0.47]). Anisocoria in ambient light showed a similar but weaker association. CONCLUSION: Anisocoria correlates with injury severity and with patient outcomes after blunt TBI. Anisocoria after light stimulation seems to be a stronger predictor than does anisocoria in ambient light. These findings represent continued efforts to understand pupillary changes in the setting of TBI.

Clinical Institute

Neurosciences (Brain & Spine)