Real-world burden of chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression in patients with small cell lung cancer: a retrospective analysis of electronic medical data from community cancer care providers.

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

J Med Econ


Aged; Antineoplastic Agents; Electronics; Female; Humans; Lung Neoplasms; Male; Quality of Life; Retrospective Studies; Small Cell Lung Carcinoma; United States; Chemotherapy; I; I00; I1; I11; healthcare resource use; hematologic toxicity; myelosuppression; small cell lung cancer; supportive care; washington; renton; oregon; portland; chiles


AIMS: Chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression, which commonly exhibits as neutropenia, anemia, or thrombocytopenia, represents a substantial burden for patients with cancer that affects health-related quality of life and increases healthcare resource utilization (HCRU). We evaluated the burden of myelosuppression among chemotherapy-treated patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC) using real-world data from community cancer care providers in the Western United States.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational analysis of electronic medical records (EMRs) from Providence St. Joseph Health hospital-associated oncology clinics between January 2016 and December 2019. Patient demographics were assessed from the date of first SCLC diagnosis in adult patients with chemotherapy-induced grade ≥3 myelosuppression in first-line (1L) or second-line-and-beyond (2L+) treatment settings. Myelosuppressive adverse events (AEs), treatment patterns, and HCRU were assessed from the date of chemotherapy initiation (index date) until 12 months, date of the last visit, date of death, or study end, whichever occurred earliest.

RESULTS: Of 347 eligible patients with SCLC who had received chemotherapy (mean age 66; 49% female), all had received at least 1L treatment, and 103 (29.7%) had a 2L + treatment recorded within the EMR during the study period. Of 338 evaluable patients with longitudinal laboratory data, 206 (60.9%) experienced grade ≥3 myelosuppressive AEs, most commonly neutropenia, anemia, and thrombocytopenia (44.9, 41.1, and 25.4 per 100 patients, respectively). Rates of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor use and red blood cell transfusions were 47.0 and 41.7 per 100 patients, respectively. There was a trend toward increasing the use of supportive care interventions and visits to inpatient and outpatient facilities in patients with myelosuppressive AEs in more than one cell lineage.

CONCLUSIONS: Chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression places a substantial real-world burden on patients with SCLC in the community cancer care setting. Innovations to protect bone marrow from chemotherapy-induced damage have the potential to reduce this burden.

Clinical Institute



Earle A. Chiles Research Institute




Health Information Technology