Risk factors for cervical cancer among distinct populations in low-resource countries: feasibility of cervical cancer screen-and-treat program on ukerewe island of lake victoria, Tanzania.

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Current opinion in obstetrics & gynecology


california; orange


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A mass cervical cancer screening using World Health Organization-endorsed visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) and cryotherapy triage was conducted over 5 days at Nansio District Hospital on Ukerewe Island, Tanzania in Lake Victoria. The aim was to evaluate the feasibility of a pilot screen-and-treat on a lower resource island and compare the results to previously held screen-and-treats in higher resource mainland settings.

RECENT FINDINGS: Two hundred and eight-two women underwent VIA on Ukerewe Island during July 2017. The frequency of abnormal VIA screens was nearly twice that observed on the mainland in 2016 (18.4% vs 10.7%, respectively; P = 0.0091). Island women had lower rates of grand multiparity (19.8% vs 26.8%, P = 0.02) and more island women did not know their HIV status (80% vs 50%, P < 0.0001). Overall, 31% of abnormal VIA screens occurred among women under 30 years between the two sites. Due to the cost of transporting CO2 tanks, cryotherapy was nearly twice as expensive on the island as compared to the mainland.

SUMMARY: Although transfer of an entire pilot screen-and-treat program to Ukerewe Island is feasible and well-received, expenses associated with ferrying equipment may be prohibitive to long-term sustainability. Higher VIA positivity rates were observed on the island.

Clinical Institute


Clinical Institute

Women & Children




Obstetrics & Gynecology