Comparative genomic analysis of vertebrate mitochondrial reveals a differential of rearrangements rate between taxonomic class.

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Sci Rep


washington; isb; genomics; Animals; Evolution, Molecular; Gene Rearrangement; Genome, Mitochondrial; Genomics; Reptiles


Vertebrate mitochondrial genomes have been extensively studied for genetic and evolutionary purposes, these are normally believed to be extremely conserved, however, different cases of gene rearrangements have been reported. To verify the level of rearrangement and the mitogenome evolution, we performed a comparative genomic analysis of the 2831 vertebrate mitochondrial genomes representing 12 classes available in the NCBI database. Using a combination of bioinformatics methods, we determined there is a high number of errors in the annotation of mitochondrial genes, especially in tRNAs. We determined there is a large variation in the proportion of rearrangements per gene and per taxonomic class, with higher values observed in Actinopteri, Amphibia and Reptilia. We highlight that these are results for currently available vertebrate sequences, so an increase in sequence representativeness in some groups may alter the rearrangement rates, so in a few years it would be interesting to see if these rates are maintained or altered with the new mitogenome sequences. In addition, within each vertebrate class, different patterns in rearrangement proportion with distinct hotspots in the mitochondrial genome were found. We also determined that there are eleven convergence events in gene rearrangement, nine of which are new reports to the scientific community.


Institute for Systems Biology