CT250 / 11 - A first-in-human phase 1 study of NL-201 in patients with relapsed or refractory cancer

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

AACR American Association for Cancer Research: Annual Meeting 2022


oregon; portland; chiles


Background: NL-201 is a selective and long-acting computationally designed alpha-independent agonist of the IL-2 and IL-15 receptors, which share beta and gamma signaling subunits. NL-201 is being developed as a potent activator of CD8+ T cells and NK cells for cancer immunotherapy. Binding to the beta and gamma subunits stimulates dose-dependent expansion and tumor infiltration of cytotoxic CD8+ T cells and NK cells, thereby enhancing the immune response in the tumor. The absence of binding to the IL-2 alpha subunit reduces the undesirable effects of traditional IL-2 therapies, such as vascular leak syndrome and expansion of immunosuppressive regulatory T cells. As such, NL-201 is designed to promote the desired immunomodulatory anti-tumor effects of IL-2 with an improved safety profile.
Methods: NL201-101 is a Phase 1 first-in-human, open-label, dose-escalation and cohort expansion study consisting of two parts. Part 1 is a monotherapy dose-escalation study in up to 60 adult patients with advanced and/or refractory solid tumors to define the safety profile and the recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) and schedule of NL-201. During dose escalation, two different schedules will be evaluated: dosing every 21 days (Schedule A), or on days 1 and 8 of each 21-day cycle (Schedule B). Tumor response will be assessed by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours (RECIST) 1.1 and/or RECIST for use in cancer immunotherapy trials (iRECIST). In Part 2, patients with pathologically proven diagnosis of melanoma and renal cell carcinoma (up to N=30/cohort), who have advanced and/or refractory measurable disease and have failed at least one line of treatment, which may include checkpoint inhibitors, will be enrolled. Key exclusion criteria include history of brain cancer or active brain metastases, carcinomatous meningitis, neurologic autoimmune disease; patients previously receiving CAR-T or IL-2-based therapies are not eligible. Recruitment of Part 1 began in April 2021, and the trial is actively enrolling. Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT04659629.

Clinical Institute



Earle A. Chiles Research Institute




Aung Naing, Margaret Callahan, Brian A. Costello, Brendan Curti, Evan Hall, Aaron Hansen, Georgina V. Long, Anthony M. Joshua, Cynthia Wetmore, Andrew Weickhardt. MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, Earle A. Chiles Research Institute, Providence Cancer Institute, Portland, OR, Seattle Cancer Care Alliance, Seattle, WA, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada, Melanoma Institute Australia, The University of Sydney, and Royal North Shore and Mater Hospitals, Sydney, Australia, St Vincent's Hospital Sydney, Sydney, Australia, Neoleukin Therapeutics, Inc., Seattle, WA, Olivia Newton-John Cancer Wellness & Research Centre Austin Health, Victoria, Australia