Topical therapy for regression and melanoma prevention of congenital giant nevi.
california; santa monica; sjci; Animals; Heterografts; Humans; Melanoma; Mice; Neoplasm Transplantation; Nevus, Pigmented; Skin Neoplasms
Giant congenital melanocytic nevi are NRAS-driven proliferations that may cover up to 80% of the body surface. Their most dangerous consequence is progression to melanoma. This risk often triggers preemptive extensive surgical excisions in childhood, producing severe lifelong challenges. We have presented preclinical models, including multiple genetically engineered mice and xenografted human lesions, which enabled testing locally applied pharmacologic agents to avoid surgery. The murine models permitted the identification of proliferative versus senescent nevus phases and treatments targeting both. These nevi recapitulated the histologic and molecular features of human giant congenital nevi, including the risk of melanoma transformation. Cutaneously delivered MEK, PI3K, and c-KIT inhibitors or proinflammatory squaric acid dibutylester (SADBE) achieved major regressions. SADBE triggered innate immunity that ablated detectable nevocytes, fully prevented melanoma, and regressed human giant nevus xenografts. These findings reveal nevus mechanistic vulnerabilities and suggest opportunities for topical interventions that may alter the therapeutic options for children with congenital giant nevi.
Choi, Yeon Sook; Erlich, Tal H; von Franque, Max; Rachmin, Inbal; Flesher, Jessica L; Schiferle, Erik B; Zhang, Yi; Pereira da Silva, Marcello; Jiang, Alva; Dobry, Allison S; Su, Mack; Germana, Sharon; Lacher, Sebastian; Freund, Orly; Feder, Ezra; Cortez, Jose L; Ryu, Suyeon; Babila Propp, Tamar; Samuels, Yedidyah Leo; Zakka, Labib R; Azin, Marjan; Burd, Christin E; Sharpless, Norman E; Liu, X Shirley; Meyer, Clifford; Austen, William Gerald; Bojovic, Branko; Cetrulo, Curtis L; Mihm, Martin C; Hoon, Dave S; Demehri, Shadmehr; Hawryluk, Elena B; and Fisher, David E, "Topical therapy for regression and melanoma prevention of congenital giant nevi." (2022). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 6050.