Implementation of High-Dose-Rate, CT-Based Prostate Brachytherapy in an Academic Teaching Hospital and Residency Training Program.

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texas; lubbock; covenant; ct-based prostate brachytherapy; general radiation oncology; high dose-rate (hdr) brachytherapy; prostate brachytherapy; prostate cancer; radiation oncology education


Introduction Prostate brachytherapy provides the most durable local control for prostate adenocarcinoma among all radiation treatment options. However, likely due to decreased trainee familiarity with the technique and resource intensity, it has seen a decline in utilization. Here we outline our experience with starting a high-dose-rate (HDR) prostate brachytherapy program within a residency training program and present our outcome data. Methods Patients were identified and screened using clinical data and volume study for candidacy for brachytherapy implantation. Eligible candidates were implanted and subsequently had radiation planning and delivery in our clinic. Descriptive statistical analysis was performed on our outcomes and dosimetry data and presented in tabular form. Results Seventeen patients were treated for a total of 18 implants (one monotherapy). No implant was aborted. No acute urinary retention requiring catheterization or chronic urethral stricture occurred. Biochemical recurrence-free survival was 94% at a median follow-up of 28.5 months (range 8.2-50 months); the one failure occurred in a very high-risk patient at 37 months following treatment. Dosimetrically, prostate coverage, urethra sparing, and rectum sparing aims were met. Volumetric bladder aims were also met; however, the max point dose to the bladder neck was above the guideline. Conclusion Our department successfully implemented an HDR prostate brachytherapy program. Treatments were effective and there was no grade 3 toxicity to report.

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