Tumor resident memory CD8 T cell formation and concomitant tumor immunity is CD40L dependent and CD4 independent.

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

AAI Annual Meeting; May 6-10; Portland, OR. 2022


oregon; portland; chiles


The implantation of cancer cell lines into immunocompetent mice acts as a vaccination event, resulting in T cell immunity that impacts both tumor progression and the response to subsequent therapy. We have previously shown that blocking immunity at tumor implantation using anti-CD40L antibodies blocks development of an intratumoral antigen-specific CD8 T cell population with tissue resident memory (Trm) phenotypes, and also limits responsiveness to radiation therapy and immunotherapy combinations. Using pancreatic tumors derived from Pdx1-Cre and Pdx1-Cre /R26LSL-LSIY mice crossed with KrasLSL-G12D/+Tp53LSL-R172H/+ mice, we explored the role of CD4 T cells in providing CD40-CD40L help to generate Trm and conventional T central memory CD8 T cells (Tcm) cells in the tumor and systemically. Using depleting antibodies, we identified that Trm cells in the tumor could form independently of CD4 T cells but were lost following CD40L blockade. By contrast, systemically circulating Tcm cells that could re-expand after antigen-specific challenge were dependent on both CD4 T cells and CD40-CD40L interactions. Notably, concomitant immunity generated by tumor implantation that can prevent tumor growth on the opposite flank could also occur independently of CD4 T cells, but was lost on CD40L blockade. Systemic vaccination with Listeria monocytogenes expressing SIY efficiently induced the formation of SIY-specific Tcm cells but did not impact tumor implantation. These data suggest that tumor implantation generates Trm cells independently of CD4 T cells, and that these cells, not Tcm cells, sustain concomitant immunity. These data may impact immune therapies designed to control metastatic seeding in patients.

Clinical Institute





Gough MJ, Kramer G, Bambina S, Alice A, Blair T, Duhen T, Duhen R, Crittenden MR

This document is currently not available here.