Long QT and Hearing Loss in High-Risk Infants Prospective Study Registry.
alaska; anchorage; pamc
The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of an abnormal electrocardiogram showing a prolonged QTc greater than 450 ms in infants with unilateral or bilateral sensorineural hearing loss. We conducted a prospective study of healthy term infants (≥37 weeks gestational age) who failed their newborn auditory brainstem response hearing screen, were seen by an audiologist and diagnosed as having sensorineural hearing loss during follow-up to 1 year of age. In infants with a diagnosis of hearing loss, we collected a detailed family history and performed an ECG between 2 and 6 months of age. We obtained follow-up for 1 year by calling the parent requesting the hearing and cardiac status of their child. Two of the 40 infants with sensorineural hearing loss (5%) had a QTc greater than 450 ms. Both had mild bilateral hearing loss and genetic testing did not identify a known mutation for long QT syndrome. The remaining 38 infants had QTc intervals of ≤ 450 ms. One patient diagnosed with bilateral severe sensorineural hearing loss had a normal ECG (QTc = 417 ms). Several months after the ECG was performed, the infant's mother contacted the study cardiologist after she learned that the infant's maternal grandmother was diagnosed with a cardiomyopathy and arrhythmias. Genetic testing was recommended even though the child was asymptomatic and was positive for a pathogenic mutation in the KCNQ1 gene. We speculate that molecular genetic testing in infants with hearing loss may become the standard of care rather than targeted electrocardiograms.Clinical Trial Registration NCT02082431 https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02692521?cond=NCT02692521&rank=1 .
Women & Children
Fenrich, Arnold L; Shmorhun, Daniel P; Martin, Gregory C; Young, Jill A; Cohen, Mitchell I; Kelleher, Amy S; Anyebuno, Martin A; Rider, Evelyn; Motta, Cheryl L; and Clark, Reese H, "Long QT and Hearing Loss in High-Risk Infants Prospective Study Registry." (2022). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 6175.