Outcomes by tobacco history in E3311, a phase II trial of transoral surgery (TOS) followed by pathology-based adjuvant treatment in HPV-associated (HPV+) oropharynx cancer (OPC): A trial of the ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group.
Meeting Abstract | 2022 ASCO Annual Meeting I
oregon; portland; chiles
Background: E3311 is a phase II randomized study which showed favorable outcomes among intermediate (INT) risk HPV+ OPC patients (pts) who underwent TOS followed by pathology-guided or adapted, deintensified adjuvant treatment. Among HPV+ pts treated with definitive chemoradiation, survival outcomes are worse among those who smoked > 10 pack years (pk-yrs). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed demographics, pathologic results, and efficacy outcomes from E3311 by smoking group (current (C) vs. former (F) and > 10 vs. ≤10 pk-yrs the latter a pre-specified stratification factor for INT patients). Binary and categorical variables were compared using a chi-square test (or Fishers exact test for small sample sizes). Ordinal variables were compared using a Wilcoxon rank sum test. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using a log-rank test. Results: Among 359 evaluable pts, performance status (PS) was significantly worse for pts with > 10 pk-yrs vs. ≤10 pk-yrs (15.4% vs. 7.9% with PS of 1, p = 0.034). Primary site, margin status, histologic grade, stage, and extranodal extension were not significantly different between the groups of > 10 vs. ≤10 pk-yrs. Smoking status (F vs. C) was available for 182 pts with a history of smoking. Slightly more C vs. F smokers had tonsil as primary site (79.5% vs. 65.0%, p = 0.09). Positive margins were significantly more frequent among C smokers (10.3% vs. 2.1%; p = 0.029). Overall, there were no significant differences in PFS (p = 0.55) or OS (p = 0.94), comparing those with > 10 vs. ≤10 pk-yrs, or comparing C vs. F smokers (p = 0.76, p = 0.82, respectively). Similarly, no significant differences were observed within the treatment arms. (Table 1) Conclusions: In this analysis of smoking status in E3311, INT risk HPV+ OPC pts who are C smokers or have a history of > 10 pk-yrs had favorable 3-yr PFS and OS rates that were not significantly worse than those with < 10 pk-yrs history. This data represents the first treatment approach for HPV+ OPC in which outcomes were not influenced by smoking status. Clinical trial information: NCT01898494.
Earle A. Chiles Research Institute
Mehra, Ranee; Bell, Richard Bryan; and See full list of authors in comments, "Outcomes by tobacco history in E3311, a phase II trial of transoral surgery (TOS) followed by pathology-based adjuvant treatment in HPV-associated (HPV+) oropharynx cancer (OPC): A trial of the ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group." (2022). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 6215.