Zandelisib with continuous or intermittent dosing as monotherapy or in combination with rituximab in patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell malignancy: a multicentre, first-in-patient, dose-escalation and dose-expansion, phase 1b trial.
The lancet oncology
washington; seattle; swedish
BACKGROUND: Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase p110δ (PI3Kδ) inhibitors are efficacious in B-cell malignancies. Immune-related adverse events might be mitigated with intermittent dosing. We aimed to evaluate the safety and antitumour activity of zandelisib, a potent novel PI3Kδ inhibitor, with continuous or intermittent dosing as monotherapy or in combination with rituximab, in patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell malignancy.
METHODS: We conducted a first-in-patient, dose-escalation and dose-expansion, phase 1b trial at ten treatment centres across Switzerland and the USA. Eligible patients were aged 18 years or older with relapsed or refractory B-cell malignancy (limited to follicular lymphoma or chronic lymphocytic leukaemia during dose escalation) and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-2, and had received at least one previous line of therapy and no previous PI3Kδ inhibitor treatment. In the dose-escalation study, participants received oral zandelisib once daily (60 mg, 120 mg, or 180 mg; we did not evaluate four additional planned dose levels). The 60 mg dose was further evaluated as monotherapy or with intravenous rituximab 375 mg/m
FINDINGS: Between Nov 17, 2016, and June 2, 2020, 100 patients were assessed for eligibility and 97 were enrolled and received zandelisib monotherapy (n=56) or zandelisib plus rituximab (n=41), with zandelisib administered on either a continuous schedule (n=38) or with intermittent dosing (n=59). No dose-limiting toxicities were observed, the objective of determining the maximum tolerated dose was abandoned, and antitumour activity was similar across the evaluated doses activity (objective responses in 11 [92%; 95% CI 61·5-99·8] of 12 patients at both 60 mg and 120 mg doses, and in five [83%; 95% CI 35·9-99·6] of six patients at 180 mg). With a median duration of exposure of 15·2 months (IQR 3·7-21·7), the most common grade 3-4 adverse events were neutrophil count decrease (ten [17%] of 59 patients in the intermittent dosing group and four [11%] of 38 in the continuous dosing group), diarrhoea (three [5%] and eight [21%]), pneumonia (one [2%] and six [16%]), alanine aminotransferase increase (three [5%] and two [5%]), and colitis (two [3%] and one [3%]). 26 (44%) of 59 patients in the intermittent dosing group and 29 (76%) of 38 patients in the continuous dosing group had grade 3-4 adverse events. Treatment-related serious adverse events occurred in eight (21%) patients in the continuous dosing group and five (8%) patients in the intermittent dosing group. There were no treatment-related deaths.
INTERPRETATION: Zandelisib 60 mg once daily on an intermittent dosing schedule was safe, with low frequency of grade 3 or worse adverse events, warranting the ongoing global phase 2 and phase 3 trials.
FUNDING: MEI Pharma.
Pagel, John M; Soumerai, Jacob D; Reddy, Nishitha; Jagadeesh, Deepa; Stathis, Anastasios; Asch, Adam; Salman, Huda; Kenkre, Vaishalee P; Iasonos, Alexia; Llorin-Sangalang, Judith; Li, Joanne; and Zelenetz, Andrew D, "Zandelisib with continuous or intermittent dosing as monotherapy or in combination with rituximab in patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell malignancy: a multicentre, first-in-patient, dose-escalation and dose-expansion, phase 1b trial." (2022). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 6240.