Advances in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Leptomeningeal Disease.
Current neurology and neuroscience reports
california; pacific neurosci; sjci; Antibody–drug conjugate; Circulating tumor DNA; Circulating tumor cells; Intrathecal treatment; Leptomeningeal disease; Tyrosine kinase inhibitors; Combined Modality Therapy; Disease Progression; Humans; Meningeal Neoplasms; Retrospective Studies
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Leptomeningeal disease (LMD) is a rare, late complication of systemic cancer and is associated with significant neurological morbidity and high mortality. Here we provide an overview of this condition, summarizing key recent research findings and clinical practice trends in its diagnosis and treatment. We also review current clinical trials for LMD.
RECENT FINDINGS: Improved molecular diagnostic tools are in development to enable more sensitive detection of LMD, including circulating tumor cells and circulating tumor DNA. The use of targeted and CNS-penetrant therapeutics has shown survival improvements with tyrosine kinase inhibitors, antibody-drug conjugates, and select chemotherapy. However, these studies have primarily been phase I/II and retrospective analyses. There remains a dearth of clinical trials that include LMD patients. The combination of patient-specific molecular information and novel therapeutic approaches holds significant promise for improving outcomes in patients with LMD.
Neurosciences (Brain & Spine)
Sharma, Akanksha; Low, Justin T; and Kumthekar, Priya, "Advances in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Leptomeningeal Disease." (2022). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 6341.