Systemic Therapy Is Associated with Improved Oncologic Outcomes in Resectable Stage II/III Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma: An Examination of the National Cancer Database over the Past Decade.

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Cancers (Basel)


oregon; california; sjci; portland


Limited evidence-based management guidelines for resectable intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) currently exist. Using a large population-based cancer registry; the utilization rates and outcomes for patients with clinical stages I-III ICC treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAT) in relation to other treatment strategies were investigated, as were the predictors of treatment regimen utilization. Oncologic outcomes were compared between treatment strategies. Amongst 2736 patients, chemotherapy utilization was low; however, NAT use increased from 4.3% to 7.2% (p = 0.011) over the study period. A higher clinical stage was predictive of the use of NAT, while higher pathologic stage and margin-positive resections were predictive of the use of adjuvant therapy (AT). For patients with more advanced disease, the receipt of NAT or AT was associated with significantly improved survival compared to surgery alone (cStage II, p = 0.040; cStage III, p = 0.003). Furthermore, patients receiving NAT were more likely to undergo margin-negative resections compared to those treated with AT (72.5% vs. 62.6%, p = 0.027), despite having higher-risk tumors. This analysis of treatment strategies for resectable ICC suggests a benefit for systemic therapy. Prospective and randomized studies evaluating the sequencing of treatments for patients with high-risk resectable ICC are needed.

Clinical Institute

Digestive Health

Clinical Institute