Improving mechanical thrombectomy time metrics in the angiography suite: Stroke cart, parallel workflows, and conscious sedation.

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Interv Neuroradiol


Aged; Brain Ischemia; Cerebral Angiography; Conscious Sedation; Female; Groin; Humans; Male; Prospective Studies; Punctures; Retrospective Studies; Stroke; Thrombectomy; Time Factors; Time-to-Treatment; Treatment Outcome; Workflow; Stroke; techniques; thrombectomy; workflow


Purpose Earlier reperfusion of large-vessel occlusion (LVO) stroke improves functional outcomes. We hypothesize that use of a stroke cart in the angiography suite, containing all commonly used procedural equipment in a mechanical thrombectomy, combined with parallel staff workflows, and use of conscious sedation when possible, improve mechanical thrombectomy time metrics. Methods We identified 47 consecutive LVO patients who underwent mechanical thrombectomy at our center, retrospectively and prospectively from implementation of these three workflow changes (19 pre- and 28 post-). For each patient, last known normal, NIHSS, angiography suite in-room time, type of anesthesia, groin puncture time, on-clot time, recanalization time, LVO location, number of passes, device(s) used, mTICI score, and outcome (mRS) were recorded. Between-group comparisons of time metrics and multivariate regression were performed. Results Stroke cart, parallel workflows, and primary use of conscious sedation decreased in-room time to groin puncture (-21.3 min, p < 0.0001), in-room to on-clot time (-24.1 min, p = 0.001), and in-room to reperfusion time (-29.5 min, p = 0.01). In a multivariate analysis, endotracheal intubation and general anesthesia were found to significantly increase in-room to on-clot time ( p = 0.01), in-room to reperfusion time ( p = 0.01), and groin puncture to on-clot time ( p = 0.05). The number of patients achieving a good outcome (mRS 0-2), however, did not significantly differ between the two groups (9/18 (47%) vs 14/28 (50%), p = 0.60). Conclusions Use of a stroke cart, parallel workflows by neurointerventionalists, technologists, and nursing staff, and use of conscious sedation may be useful to other institutions in efforts to improve procedural times.

Clinical Institute

Neurosciences (Brain & Spine)