Detection of perillyl alcohol and its metabolite perillic acid in postsurgical glioblastoma tissue after intranasal administration of NEO100: illustrative case.
J Neurosurg Case Lessons
BACKGROUND: Intranasal delivery of NEO100, a pharmaceutical-grade version of the natural monoterpene perillyl alcohol (POH), is undergoing clinical phase IIa testing as a treatment for glioblastoma (GBM). However, so far there is no evidence that intranasal delivery of NEO100 indeed results in POH reaching intracranial malignancies in a patient.
OBSERVATIONS: After surgical removal of her recurrent GBM tumor, a patient received daily intranasal NEO100 therapy for more than 3 years before a second recurrence emerged. At that time, a final dose of NEO100 was given shortly before the tumor tissue was surgically removed, and the tissue was processed for high-performance liquid chromatography analysis of POH and its primary metabolite, perillic acid (PA). Both molecules could readily be detected in the tumor tissue.
LESSONS: This is the first demonstration of POH and PA in brain tumor tissue from any patient. It reveals that intranasal administration of NEO100 is a valid approach to achieve delivery of this agent to a brain tumor. In view of the noninvasive and safe nature of this method, along with tentative indications of activity, our findings add confidence to the notion that intranasal administration of NEO100 holds potential as a new treatment option for brain-localized malignancies.
Neurosciences (Brain & Spine)
Schönthal, Axel H; Swenson, Steve; Bonney, Phillip A; Wagle, Naveed; Simmon, Vincent F; Mathew, Anna J; Hurth, Kyle M; and Chen, Thomas C, "Detection of perillyl alcohol and its metabolite perillic acid in postsurgical glioblastoma tissue after intranasal administration of NEO100: illustrative case." (2022). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 6514.