Comparative Effectiveness of Guselkumab in Psoriatic Arthritis: Updates to a Systematic Literature Review and Network Meta-Analysis.

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Rheumatology (Oxford, England)


washington; swedish: American College of Rheumatology (ACR) response; Comparative effectiveness research; Guselkumab; Network meta-analysis; Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) response; Psoriatic arthritis; Serious adverse events; Systematic literature review; modified van der Heijde-Sharp (vdH-S) score


OBJECTIVE: The interleukin (IL)-23 p19-subunit inhibitor guselkumab has been previously compared with other targeted therapies for psoriatic arthritis (PsA) through network meta-analysis (NMA). The objective of this NMA update was to include new guselkumab COSMOS trial data, and two key comparators: the IL-23 inhibitor, risankizumab and Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor, upadacitinib.

METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted to identify randomized controlled trials up to February 2021. A hand-search identified newer agents up to July 2021. Bayesian NMAs were performed to compare treatments on American College of Rheumatology (ACR) response, Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) response, modified van der Heijde-Sharp (vdH-S) score, and serious adverse events (SAEs).

RESULTS: For ACR 20, guselkumab 100 mg every 8 weeks (Q8W) and every 4 weeks (Q4W) were comparable (i.e. overlap in credible intervals) to most other agents, including risankizumab, upadacitinib, subcutaneous tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors, and most IL-17A inhibitors. For PASI 90, guselkumab Q8W and Q4W were better than multiple agents, including subcutaneous TNF and JAK inhibitors. For vdH-S, guselkumab Q8W was similar to risankizumab, while guselkumab Q4W was better; both doses were comparable to most other agents. Most agents had comparable SAEs.

CONCLUSIONS: Guselkumab demonstrates better skin efficacy than most other targeted PsA therapies, including upadacitinib. For vdH-S, both guselkumab doses are comparable to most treatments, with both doses ranking higher than most, including upadacitinib and risankizumab. Both guselkumab doses demonstrate comparable ACR responses to most other agents, including upadacitinib and risankizumab, and rank favorably in the network for SAEs.

Clinical Institute

Orthopedics & Sports Medicine