A Case Report: Splenium of the Corpus Callosum Infarct Associated With COVID-19.

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

The neurologist


oregon; medford; covid-19


INTRODUCTION: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been recently associated with infarction of the central splenium of the corpus callosum. These are described as cytotoxic lesions, and imaging rarely reveals enhancement. They have not been described in the body or head of the corpus callosum. Few diseases affect the corpus callosum, but the most common include multiple sclerosis, aquaporin-4 disease, and Susac syndrome. There is also emerging literature on Mild Encephalopathy with Reversible Splenial lesions associated with central and not basal lesions. The reason for the location of these lesions in acute COVID-19 infection is unknown.

CASE REPORT: A 22-year-old female presented to the ED for altered mental status after being found down. A brief history review indicated that the patient had been altered for 2-3 days before being found naked and covered in her own feces and urine by her family after they had not heard from her. As she lived alone, a clear history of the events preceding her admission remains unclear. On initial assessment, the patient was found to be somnolent and nonverbal, though she could follow simple commands. On admission, testing for SARS CoV-2 RNA PCR was positive. Patient was admitted to the hospital for further work up to determine the cause of the altered mental status.

CONCLUSION: We present a new case of a young woman who developed a central splenium lesion during acute COVID-19 infection and explain the predilection for the callosum in these patients, as well as literature to show that COVID-19 was most likely the cause.

Clinical Institute

Neurosciences (Brain & Spine)


Infectious Diseases