Diabetic Kidney Disease Back in Focus: Management Field Guide for Health Care Professionals in the 21st Century.

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Publication Title

Mayo Clinic proceedings. Mayo Clinic


washington; spokane; pmrc; Blood Glucose; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; Diabetic Nephropathies; Glucagon-Like Peptide 1; Health Personnel; Humans; Quality of Life; Renal Insufficiency, Chronic; Sodium


Chronic kidney disease due to diabetes, or diabetic kidney disease (DKD), is a worldwide leading cause of chronic kidney disease and kidney failure and an increasingly important global public health issue. It is associated with poor quality of life, high burden of chronic diseases, and increased risk of premature death. Until recently, people with DKD had limited therapeutic options. Treatments have focused largely on glycemic and blood pressure control and renin-angiotensin system blockade, leaving patients with significant residual risk for progression of DKD. The availability of newer classes of glucose-lowering agents, namely, sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists, has changed the therapeutic landscape for these patients. These therapies have offered unprecedented opportunities to reduce the risk for progression of kidney disease and the risk of death that have led to recent updates to clinical guidelines. As such, the American Diabetes Association, the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes, and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes now recommend the use of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists for patients with DKD to provide both kidney and cardiovascular protective benefits. This review highlights the importance of early detection of DKD and summarizes the latest recommendations in the clinical guidelines on management of patients with DKD with hope of facilitating their uptake into everyday clinical practice. An integrated approach to patient care with a multidisciplinary focus can help achieve the necessary shift in clinical care of patients with DKD.

Clinical Institute

Kidney & Diabetes