How to Accommodate the Emotional Dimensions of Advance Care Planning Using Motivational Interviewing and Conditional Medical Orders.

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Healthcare (Basel)


washington; swedish; edmonds


Palliative care discussions offer a unique opportunity for helping patients choose end-of-life (EOL) treatments. These are among the most difficult decisions in later life, and protecting patients' ability to make these choices is one of healthcare's strongest ethical mandates. Yet, traditional approaches to advance care planning (ACP) have only been moderately successful in helping patients make decisions that lead to treatments concordant with their values. In particular, neglect of attention to the emotions that occur during consideration of the end of one's life contributes to patients' difficulty with engaging in the process and following through on decisions. To improve ACP outcomes, providers can address the patient's emotional experiences, and can use motivational interviewing as a way attend to elicit them and incorporate them into care planning. Applying personalizing emotion-attuned protocols like Conditional Medical Orders (CMO) also promotes this end.

Clinical Institute

Mental Health


Behavioral Health


Palliative Care