A Single Arm Phase 2 Study of Peri-Operative Checkpoint-Mediated Immune Therapy and Cryoablation in Women with Hormone Receptor-Negative, HER2-Negative Early Stage/Resectable Breast Cancer

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oregon; chiles


Background: Local tumor destruction with cryoablation (cryo) induces inflammation and releases antigens that can activate tumor-specific immune responses. Pre-clinically, cryo with immune checkpoint inhibition (ICI)-augmented tumor-specific immune responses and prevented recurrence. Clinically, we established that peri-operative (peri-op) cryo with ipilimumab (ipi) +/- nivolumab (nivo) was not only safe in patients (pts) with operable, early stage breast cancer (ESBC) but also generated robust intra-tumoral and systemic immune responses. In this phase 2 study, we evaluate the disease specific impact of peri-op ICI in women with residual triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC), a subset at high risk of early relapse. Methods: Eligible pts are ≥18y, with ER < 10%, PR < 10%, HER2 negative (per ASCO/CAP definition), ≥ 1.0 cm, residual operable disease after taxane-based NAC. Approximately 80 pts will be enrolled and treated with ipi/nivo/cryo followed by breast surgery and adjuvant nivo across multiple institutions. Pts undergo percutaneous, image-guided cryo with concurrent research core biopsy 7-10 days prior to surgery and will receive ipi (1mg/kg IV) with nivo (240mg IV) 1 to 5 days prior to cryo. After surgery, pts will receive 3 additional doses of nivo at 240mg IV Q2 weeks. Adjuvant capecitabine is recommended for all patients per local standard-of-care. Patients will be stratified by NAC platinum administration, NAC anthracycline administration, and clinical nodal status (positive versus negative). The primary endpoint is 3- year Event Free Survival (EFS). Secondary endpoints include Invasive Disease-Free Survival (IDFS), Distant Disease-Free Survival (DDFS), overall survival (OS) and safety. Exploratory correlative studies will be performed on tumor and serum to characterize the immunologic impact of the intervention and to explore predictors of efficacy and toxicity. Funding sources: Susan G. Komen, ASCO Conquer Cancer Foundation, Breast Cancer Research Foundation, Bristol-Myers Squibb, BTG International Ltd. NCT03546686

Clinical Institute


Clinical Institute

Women & Children




Earle A. Chiles Research Institute


Obstetrics & Gynecology


Presented at the SABCS Annual Meeting; December 6-10; San Antonio, TX. 2022: OT1-19-01. Authors: McArthur H, Comen E, Bryce Y, Solomon SB, Leal J, Abaya C, Martinez C, Basho KB, Park DJ, McAndrew P, Larkin B, Mills W, Page DB, Mellinger S, Fredrich N, Moxon M, Reddy SM, Carter M, Patil S, Norton L.

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