Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors and New-onset Type 2 Diabetes in Adults With Prediabetes: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

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Publication Date


Publication Title

The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism


washington; spokane; pmrc


CONTEXT: The preventive effect of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors for new-onset diabetes was investigated in secondary analyses of several randomized controlled trials (RCTs). However, the results were inconsistent.

OBJECTIVE: This work aimed to synthesize available evidence and evaluate whether SGLT2 inhibitors are effective in preventing new-onset diabetes.

METHODS: In this systematic review and meta-analysis of RCTs, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched through February 11, 2022. Two independent authors screened the search results and extracted summary data from eligible RCTs (including original and post hoc analyses) comparing SGLT2 inhibitors and placebo for the risk of new-onset diabetes among adults with prediabetes. Meta-analysis was conducted using random-effects models to calculate risk ratios and 95% CIs.

RESULTS: We included 4 RCTs with 5655 participants who had prediabetes. Based on the random-effects meta-analysis, SGLT2 inhibitors were significantly associated with a lower risk of new-onset diabetes (relative risk, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.68-0.93). The relative risks of new-onset diabetes in dapagliflozin and empagliflozin were 0.68 (95% CI, 0.52-0.89) and 0.87 (95% CI, 0.72-1.04), respectively (P-for-heterogeneity = .14). The frequency of severe hypoglycemia was not elevated in the SGLT2 inhibitors group compared to the placebo group.

CONCLUSION: In this meta-analysis, SGLT2 inhibitors were associated with a reduced risk of new-onset type 2 diabetes among adults with prediabetes and heart failure or chronic kidney disease. These findings indicate the potential usefulness of SGLT2 inhibitors in preventing diabetes among high-risk populations with prediabetes.

Clinical Institute

Kidney & Diabetes