Efficacy and Safety of Mitomycin Gel (UGN-101) as an Adjuvant Therapy After Complete Endoscopic Management of Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma.

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The Journal of urology


california, santa monica


PURPOSE: We describe a novel application of the reverse thermal polymer gel of mitomycin C (UGN-101) as adjuvant therapy after complete endoscopic ablation of upper tract urothelial carcinoma.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients treated with UGN-101 from 15 high-volume centers. Adjuvant therapy was defined as treatment administered following visually complete endoscopic ablation. Response at primary endoscopic evaluation was defined as no visual tumor or negative biopsy. Ipsilateral disease-free and progression-free survival were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Ureteral stenosis and other adverse events were abstracted from the medical records. Ureteral stenosis was defined as a condition requiring ureteral stent or nephrostomy, or that would typically warrant stent or nephrostomy.

RESULTS: Adjuvant UGN-101 after complete endoscopic ablation was used in 52 of 115 (45%) renal units in the oncologic analysis. At first endoscopic evaluation, 36/52 (69%) were without visible disease. At 6.8 months' median follow-up, the ipsilateral disease-free rate was 63%. Recurrence after adjuvant UGN-101 therapy was more likely in multifocal tumors compared to unifocal (HR 3.3, 95% CI 1.07-9.91). Compared with UGN-101 treatment for chemoablation of measurable disease, there were significantly fewer disease detections with adjuvant therapy (

CONCLUSIONS: In patients being considered for UGN-101, maximal endoscopic ablation prior to UGN-101 treatment may result in fewer patients with disease at first endoscopy and possibly fewer adverse events than primary chemoablative therapy. Longer follow-up is needed to determine if UGN-101 after complete endoscopic ablation will lead to durable disease-free interval.

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