Creating a Comprehensive Pandemic Response to Decrease Hospitalist Burnout During COVID-19: Intervention vs Control Results in 2 Comparable Hospitals (HOSP-CPR).

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Journal of general internal medicine : official journal of the Society for Research and Education in Primary Care Internal Medicine


washington; oregon; providence research network; covid-19


BACKGROUND: Physician burnout increased during the COVID-19 pandemic.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a multimodal workplace intervention designed to reduce hospitalist burnout.

DESIGN: Participants and setting: Our intervention group was composed of internal medicine hospitalists at Providence Portland Medical Center (64 providers including 58 physicians and 6 nurse practitioners). Our control was composed of internal medicine hospitalists at Providence St Vincent's Hospital (59 physicians and 6 nurse practitioners).

MEASUREMENTS: Two surveys were given during, before, and after a 12-month intervention period (October 2020 and again in October 2021). Surveys included demographics, job satisfaction, the Maslach Burnout Inventory, the Pandemic Experiences Survey, and 2 questions about leaving the job.

INTERVENTIONS: Three hospitalists designated as wellness warriors created weekly COVID group meetings, providing up-to-date information about COVID-19 infection rates, treatments, and work-flow changes. Discussions included coping and vaccine hesitancy, difficult case debriefs, and intensive care unit updates. Individual coaching was also offered. Meeting minutes were taken and sessions were recorded for asynchronous access.

RESULTS: No site differences in burnout or job satisfaction were evident pre-intervention. Post-intervention, the intervention group reported 32% burnout while controls reported 56% (p = .024). Forty-eight percent of the intervention group reported high wellness support vs. 0% of the controls (< .001). Intervention participants attributed 44% of wellness support to Providence alone, vs. controls at 12% (< .001). Regressions controlling sex, work hours, experience, race, and children in the home showed the intervention's positive effects on burnout and job satisfaction remained significant (all p < .02).

LIMITATIONS: For privacy reasons, all survey responses were anonymous, meaning that individual pre-post changes could not be tracked.

CONCLUSION: We believe the intervention resulted in substantial burnout prevention and is feasible for adoption in most hospitals and clinics.

Clinical Institute

Mental Health


Infectious Diseases


Behavioral Health